To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 11:

By: Brenda and Relja

Summary of chapter 11:

In this chapter scout and Jem are introduced to a new character in the book called Mrs.
Henry Lafayette Dubose short for Mrs. Dubose. To get to town Scout and Jem had to pass
her house. Mrs. Dubose was disrespectful, cruel and mean to them. Everyday Mrs.
Dubose would always shout at them when they pass by her house. Atticus is a man with
manners and always wants his kids to do the same. Atticus warns Jem to be highly polite
and act like a gentleman to her, after all Mrs. Dubose is quite fragile and old. One day Mrs.
Dubose called Atticus a ʻnigger loverʼ. “Nigger-lover is one of those terms that donʼt mean
anything-like shot-nose. Itʼs hard to explain ignorant, trashy people use it when they think
somebodyʼs favoring negroes over and above themselves.” (Pg.108) This term made Jem
furious which caused him to destroy Mrs. Duboseʼs flowers. Jemʼs punishment was to read
to Mrs. Dubose for a month every afternoon to make up for what he did. Scout
accompanies him every day. For a month Jem and Scout has to put up with Mrs. Duboseʼs
fits and abuse which leads them to dislike her even more. They soon notice that every
session taken place each day gets longer by the minute. Mrs. Dubose gets weaker and
fragile everyday until Atticus finds out that Mrs. Dubose was a morphine addict, which
meant she had some kind of cancer which led her dying slowly. After the one month of
reading, Atticus checks on Mrs. Dubose and is heartbroken to find out that she passed
away. As it turns out Mrs. Dubose already knew that her day was coming, but she had
perseverance which is why Atticus described her as “the most bravest person I ever
knew” (Pg.112). The chapter ends with Atticus handing Jem a present which was given
from Mrs. Dubose. It was a candy box that held a “white, waxy perfect Camellia.”(Pg.111).


-The setting takes place in Maycomb County mostly near Mrs. Duboseʼs house.


Character Profile:

-In this Chapter the Major Characters would probably be Mrs. Dubose, Scout, Jem and
Atticus. The minor characters are Jessie and Calpurnia. Some other characters came up
during the dialogue of the characters but weren't actually in the chapter.

Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose (A.K.A Mrs. Dubose):
- Mrs. Dubose is an old lady who happens to be very mean, cruel, disrespectful and judgmental to
Scout and Jem or so they think.
- “Where are you two going out at this time of day?” (Pg. 100) This means that Mrs. Dubose was
always curious and sometimes can be quite nosey.
- Scout described Mrs. Dubose when she went into her house and saw her on the bed.
“ She was horrible. Her face was the color of a dirty pillow case, and the corners of her mouth
glistened with wet, which inched like a glacier down the deep grooves enclosing her chin. Old age
liver spots dotted her cheeks, and her pale eyes had black pinpoint pupils. Her hands were knobby,
and the cuticles were grown up over her fingernails.” Scout said. (Pg. 106)
- “According to her views she died beholden to nothing and to nobody. She was the bravest person I
knew” Atticus said this. This showed to a side that nobody could really tell from Mrs. Dubose, no
matter how sick she was she still kept going and didn’t give up, this shows that she was strong and
had perseverance.
- “When Jem came to a word he didn't know. he skipped it, but Mrs. Dubose would catch him and
make him spell it out.” This quote represents how she always wants things done her way no
highway option which is probably one of the reasons why Jem and Scout don’t like her as much.
- “It was rumored among the town that she kept a Confederate pistol hidden under those shawls, but
no one knew for certain” The quote means that people might think she’s crazy and is very
dangerous and nobody wants to mess with her.

Jeremy Atticus Finch (A.K.A Jem):
- Jem is more or likely a dynamic character as he is growing older and as he’s growing he finds it
hard to deal with cruelty of people and has a hard time controlling his temper which is why Atticus
is always there to remind him of his actions. In this chapter he loses control of his anger and
crushes all of Mrs. Dubose’s Camellia bushes using Scout’s baton.
- “He did not begin to calm down until he had cut the tops off every camilla bush Mrs. Dubose
owned, until the ground was littered with green buds and leaves. He bent my baton against his
knee, snapped it into town and threw it out.” (Pg. 103). Jem is kind of sensitive and doesn’t let
things go that easily especially the mean things Mrs. Dubose says.

Atticus Finch:
- Atticus is as always a man who cares and concerns over his kids, he hasn’t changed much.
- “When the three of us came to her house, Atticus would sweep oh his hat, wave gallantly to her
and say ‘good evening Mrs. Dubose! You look like a picture this evening.” This shows how
respectful Atticus is of an old and fragile lady.
- Atticus is one of those people that even i someone says something bad about him he tries to think
of it as a positive thing and turns it around an example would be after Jem told Atticus that Mrs.
Dubose called him a ‘Nigger-lover’ “ I’m hard to put, sometimes- baby, it’s never an insult to be
called what somebody thinks is a bad name. It just shows you how poor the person is, it doesn’t
hurt you.”

Jean-Louise Finch (A.K.A Scout):
- Scout didn’t really like her as well. “Jem and I hated her. If she was on the porch when we passed,
we would be raked by her wrathful gaze.”(Pg.99). She think Mrs. Dubose is horrible and gives a
description of her in the bottom of (Pg.106).
- Mrs. Dubose always criticized her which left Scout a little afraid of her.
- Scout learnt a new thing from her father as they had time to talk about Tom Robinson and the
case. Scout asked how he could be right if everyone else thought he was wrong, he told her that
"'The one thing that doesn't abide by majority rule is a person's conscience.'" This symbolizes
again Atticus’s kind heart.

- Calpurnia is as usual a caring cook who looks out for Scout and Jem and is always trying to get
the two out of trouble.

Jessie’s only mentioned a couple times in the chapter but she is Mrs. Dubose’s helper/assistant who
helps her take her pills and helps her around the house.

Pictorial Bank for chapter 11:


“a Twirling Baton” A short stick or staff or something resembling one, in particular.
“ Jem bought his steam engine and we went by Elmore’s for my baton.” (Pg. 102)

“Camellia bush” is, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae.
“He did not begin to calm down until he had cut the tops off every camilla bush Mrs. Dubose
owned.” (Pg.103)


A ‘Miniature Steam Engine’
“Jem thought he has enough to buy a miniature steam engine for himself and a twirling baton for
me” (Pg.100)


‘Scuppernong Arbor’ are a type of grape native to the South, particularly abundant in North
“Jem, who hadn’t been near Miss Maudie’s scuppernong arbor since last summer , and who knew
Miss Maudie wouldn’t tell Atticus if he had, issued a general denial.” (Pg.100)


‘O.K Cafe’
‘The O.K Cafe was a dim organization on the north side of the square’ (Pg.101)


‘Coal Oil Lamp’ is
“An oppressive odor met us when we crossed the threshold, and odor I had met many times in rain-
rotted gray houses where there are coal-oil lamps, water dippers and unbleached domestic


‘Ivanhoe’ is the book that Jem has to read for Mrs. Dubose as his punishment for destroying her
Camellia Bushes.
“I didn’t look any more than I had to. Jem reopened Ivanhoe and began reading.” (Pg.107)


‘Quilt’ is a warm bed covering made of padding enclosed between layers of fabric and kept in place
by lines of stitching.
“She lay on her back, with the quilts up to her chin.” (Pg.107)


“Morphine pills” these are pills that are used for highly sick people and is a drug that can be very
addicting once in use.
“Mrs. Dubose was a morphine addict” said Atticus.” (Pg.111)

Vocabulary words in Chapter 11:

Melancholy- A deep, pensive, and long-lasting sadness.
Apoplectic- Overcome with anger; extremely indignant.
Baton- A short stick or staff or something resembling one, in particular.
Asylum- The protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a
political refugee.
Contradict- Deny the truth of (a statement), esp. by asserting the opposite.
Umbrage- Offense or annoyance
Camisole- A woman's loose-fitting undergarment for the upper body, typically held up by shoulder
straps and having decorative trimming.
Inaudible- Unable to be heard.
Palliation- easing the severity of a pain or a disease without removing the cause.
Confederate-Joined by an agreement or treaty.
Abide-Accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation)
Reconnaissance- Military observation of a region to locate an enemy or ascertain strategic features:
"low-level reconnaissance".